Top Five Best Usages of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare Medical Imaging

May 5, 2018 4 min read By Cogito Tech. 963 views

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) have expedited the healthcare industry into various sub-medical fields helping doctors and scientists to make more accurate decisions speedily while applying these technologies to a variety of tasks.

ai in medical imaging

AI is now gradually increasing its footprints in helping to discover hidden insights into clinical research or decision making or link patients with advanced resources for self-management and care. It is also assisting to extract meaning from previously unreachable or unstructured data assets that are used in the healthcare sector.

Medical imaging data is one of the key sources of information about the patients and their medical conditions providing a better opportunity for AI-backed machines to comprehend such data and make decisions with better accuracy.

X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs are various such samples where medical imaging technology works. Though, with megapixel upon megapixel of data packed combing through extremely high-resolution images area challenging task for the most experienced medical experts. AI here has proven to help radiologists and pathologists to examine such images and boost their productivity with improved accuracy and efficiency.

The use of AI in healthcare for medical imaging is increasing into many sub-fields and providing new opportunities to AI developers to learn from such data and solve health care problems in a comprehensive way that turns the notions for AI solutions into safe and more effective tools to help radiologists provide better care for patients during the treatment process and medical care progression till the recovery.

In the contexts of the same, we have discussed here the top five best usages or use cases of AI in the medical imaging field and how AI-enabled tools adjust the workflow to improve the diagnosis the potentially fatal diseases quickly and provide immediate medical treatments and care to avoid the mortalities at the larger scale.

Read More: Top Four Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare.

Use Cases for Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging Word:

Detecting Cardiovascular-Related Abnormalities

AI-backed detection of abnormalities is very common in imaging of X-rays, MRI, and other reports that help to get the quick decision with the least diagnostic errors. In such cases, suppose a patient admitted in the emergency department having complained of breath shortening and chest x-ray is the first imaging available for quick making decisions and medical image annotation helps machines to learn from such data and identify the defects indicating the medical experts to further examine the ailments.

It can be also used as a screening tool for cardiomegaly which can be used as a marker for cardiovascular illnesses. While in such cases sometimes quick assessments by a radiologist can be inaccurate that can be deadly for few patients suffering from critical diseases and not has been diagnosed timely for precise treatments.

Identifying Fractures and Other Musculoskeletal Injuries

AI in medical imaging can easily detect fractures and musculoskeletal injuries that cause long-term agony to patients. Using AI-backed systems hard-to-see fractures, dislocations, or soft tissue injuries can be also easily identified allowing specialists and orthopedists to perform surgeries and critical treatments with more confidence.

Similarly, there are more types of fractures that often difficult to detect with standard images, at such places AI-enabled radiology tools help to indicate such vital ruptures that require special surgeries to care timely. And the best part is that these diagnoses are completely done by unbiased algorithms that help patients in trauma to receive the extra care and treatments with timely recovery from such delicate injuries.

ai in diagnosis

Assisting in the Neurological Diseases Diagnosis

Degenerative neurological diseases, one of the most critical neural disorders among the patients can be also identified with help of an AI-supported medical imaging system. Though this disease is incurable but with diagnosis, a specialist can find out the likely outcomes and arrange the long-term medical care and treatment to minimize the mental agony and provide a less distressing life to their patients for the rest of their life.

Furthermore, AI-supported algorithms also help to rationalize this process by highlighting the images with suspected results and possible risk ratios. And these algorithms can be also used to automatically generate reports helping to reduce the workflow burdens on doctors, attendees, and other working staff members in the hospitals.

Marking Thoracic Complications and Critical Conditions

Pneumonia and pneumothorax are one of the leading complications that need quick attention to provide the initial medical treatments and care. Artificial intelligence is targeting such ailments to get diagnosed as soon as possible to avoid major threats. Pneumonia is not deadly just like other fatal diseases but if untreated it can be life-threatening.

Radiologists use AI-backed such images to diagnosis pneumonia and distinguish the condition from other lung conditions, such as bronchitis, though these experts are not always available to read images and sometimes they find difficult to identify pneumonia-if a patient has pre-existing lung conditions such as malevolence or cystic fibrosis.

But AI-enabled installing sensors on waste bins can make the waste collection more efficient. Authorities can receive notifications when the bins are about to be filled and ensure reduction of operational costs by eliminating unnecessary pickups, providing dynamic collection routes and schedules for optimization of waste management.

Read More: How Machine Learning Helping Companies to Improve the Work Processes?

AI can assess x-rays and other images to diagnose opacities that indicate pneumonia, to generate alerts for potential diagnoses allowing the speedier treatment of patients. However, AI may be able to help prioritize the kind and severity of pneumothorax, which may change the urgency of treatment but it can be used to monitor patients over time which can be possible if AI is developed with relevant healthcare training data.

Screening for Common or Initial Stage of Cancers

Nowadays, medical imaging is also used for preventive screening of cancers that are at the initial stage or showing such symptoms that can cause colon cancer, breast cancer, or other tumor growth that are exceedingly difficult to identify at the beginning.

In cancer illness, it is difficult to identify microcalcification in tissue or malignant or benign. Hence, any kind of false indication could lead to unnecessary invasive testing or treatment, while missed malignancies could result in delayed diagnoses that could be deadly for the patients who could not survive with such malignancy.

Though, Artificial Intelligence in healthcare is going to play a key role for medical imaging and can help to improve the accuracy using quantitative imaging features to more accurately categorize such malevolence and also support the detection of malignancies that have spread. It can be useful for detecting varied types of cancers like prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and cervical cancer with accurate results. And to develop such functional AI models, an image annotation service is required that can annotate the medical images with accuracy and provide reliable data sets for AI machine learning.

If you wish to learn more about Cogito’s data annotation services,
please contact our expert.