The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Humans

February 16, 2024 3 min read By Cogito Tech. 152 views

The book “The Age of AI: And Our Human Future” written by Henry Kissinger, Eric Schmidt and Daniel Huttenlocker is about exploring the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) and the challenges it poses for humans. The book consists of many chapters with each chapter addressing the various aspects of the AI revolution.

So, let’s start by understanding what AI actually means before diving deeper. AI or machine learning is a software system based on neural networks. AI can produce synthetic imagery and speech alongwith image and voice recognition. Research is ongoing for AI to browse web, book tickets, tweak recipes, etc. AI can be aptly described as a part of computer science that utilizes machines for imitating human reasoning. It possesses a cognitive feature for operating and solving problems.

AI has evolved from merely performing roles like ‘if this happens, do this or do that.” Earlier AI systems possessed little intelligence, was restrictive in nature and unable to adapt to scenarios it wasn’t specifically coded for. Whereas modern AI systems can pick up subtle hints and patterns from a given data set and then apply it for processing new data linked to the same issue. This also mimics the way humans reason and respond.

Limitations of AI

Limitations of AI

Irrespective of the amount of training an AI system receives, it can never match humans in decision-making given their unpredictable nature. The imposition of strict learning boundaries can result in the failure of AI systems. In order for AI systems to imitate this decision-making capability, major improvements with regard to how these AI systems are trained. Hence, it can be safely interpreted that a machine can never self-adapt to perform beyond its design parameters.

In the age of ‘Connected AI’, there are no established standards for communicating between AI agents. While there may be transfer of basic information, there is no exchange policy which can be acted upon for mutual benefit. A situation like this will invite a series of AI agents on different machines with each of them acting as an expert in performing its own task and at the same time having the ability to interact to attain a common objective.

Implications of AI on Humans

  1. Transforming Workforce: AI will transform workforce as employees will be required to adapt to newer roles and technologies. It will impact many jobs.
  2. Training and Development: Employees will require technical training in AI as it gets integrated into our work and lives. It will assist employees in understanding and working efficiently with AI. The training will also need to factor in ethical and philosophical considerations.
  3. AI Integrated Decision-Making: As AI gets integrated in the decision-making process, it will eliminate humans as primary thinkers in any given situation and employees will have to maintain autonomy and agency.
  4. Ethical Considerations: Since AI can alter human speech and generate misinformation, care should be taken regarding its ethical implications with respect to recruitment, performance evaluation, and employee monitoring.
  5. Regulation and Compliance: Regulation and monitoring of AI applications must be carried out to ensure fair, unbiased and transparent processes ensuring compliance with applicable laws and regulations (current and future).
  6. Adapting to Change: Employees must be able to adapt to change brought about by AI with respect to change in job positions, work processes and structure of the organization.

Presently, humans are the only natural intelligence platforms. For instance, a face recognition system may be able to spot a person in a crowd. However, it will fail if it is asked to distinguish between a bird or a cat. Humans can perform both functions but lack the processing power in contrast to the cognitive ability to pick out a particular face from thousands within a few milliseconds. AI can only utilize mathematical algorithms to imitate a cognitive brain, but cognition is not sentience as machines lack self-awareness. A machine lacks the ability to reprogram itself for something it was not configured to handle. This is where humans reign, i.e. acting according to regulation and legislation. Hence, it is imperative that discussion regarding ethics, regulation and societal impacts begin now.

In Summary

We face threat from AI in today’s day and age due to societal, job displacement, privacy issues and delegation of human decisions to platforms that are misunderstood. AI will potentially take away jobs from people which were previously known to be secure and unquestioned. Even though several jobs will become redundant, the employees needs will not. It will be worth remembering how IT replaced humans, mechanisation displaced labourers in farms and factories and flight engineers roles became redundant. Moreover, the educational system should prepare the forthcoming generation for challenges posed due to office automation. Our education system must shift its focus to what humans do best which is thinking, rationalising and questioning.

If you wish to learn more about Cogito’s data annotation services,
please contact our expert.