Role of Medical Image Annotation in the AI Medical Image Diagnostics for Healthcare

August 31, 2020 4 min read By Cogito Tech. 1190 views

AI in healthcare is becoming more prevalent with more advanced and effective computer vision-based machine learning model developments. The customized training data used with the machine learning algorithm in the AI model will learn with more variations making it easier to predict the results with much more accuracy in various scenarios for the healthcare sector.

To make the training data useful and productive, the annotated medical images are used to make the disease or body aliments detectable through machines. Medical image annotation is the process used to create such data with an acceptable level of accuracy.

What is Medical Image Annotation?

Medical image annotation is the process of labeling the medical imaging data like Ultrasound, MRI, and CT Scan, etc. for machine learning training. Apart from these radiological images, other medical records available in text formats are also annotated to make them understandable to machines through deep learning algorithms for accurate predictions.

Also Read: How Medical Imaging Datasets Can Help AI to Diagnosis the Covid-19 Like Deadly Virus

Medical image annotation is playing an important role in the healthcare sector, so right here we will discuss the importance and role of medical image annotation. What are the types of medical images that can be annotated to create the training data sets for the different diseases?

Types of AI Medical Diagnostics Done through Image Annotation:

Diagnosing the Brain Injuries

Medical image annotation is used to diagnose diseases including brain tumors, blood clotting, or other neurological disorders. Using the CT Scan or MRI, machine learning models can detect such diseases if trained well with precisely annotated images.

brain diagnosis

AI in neuro-imaging can be possible when brain injuries and other ailments are properly annotated and fed into the machine learning algorithm for accurate prediction. Once the model gets fully trained, it can be used in the place of a radiologist, making the medical imaging diagnosis process better and more efficient. Consequently, it will save time and efforts of the radiologists in making other decisions.

Diagnosing the Liver Ailments

Liver-related problems and complications diagnosed by medical professionals using ultrasound images or other medical imaging formats. Usually, physicians detect, characterize, and monitor diseases by assessing liver medical images visually. In some cases, a physician can be biased due to his/her personal experiences and inaccuracy.

However, medical image annotation can train the AI model to perform the quantitative assessment by recognizing imaging information automatically instead of such qualitative reasoning as more accurate and reproductive imaging diagnosis.

liver diagnosis

Kidney Stones Detection

Similarly, Kidney related problems like infection, stone, and other ailments affecting the functioning of the kidney. Though AI applications in kidney diseases are currently not significant but they are mainly focused on various key aspects like Alerting systems, Diagnostic assistance, Guiding treatment, and Evaluating prognosis.

When the algorithms get the right annotated data sets of such images, the model becomes capable enough to even diagnosis the possibilities of kidney failure. Apart from bounding box annotation, there are various other popular medical image annotation techniques used to annotate the images making AI possible in detecting kidney related various problems.

Detect the Cancer Cells

Detecting cancers through AI-enabled machines is playing a big role in saving people from such life-threatening diseases. When cancer is not detected at the initial stage, it becomes incurable or it takes extraordinary time to cure or recover from such illnesses.

Breast cancer and prostate cancer are the most common types of cancers found in women and men respectively, globally with high death rates among both genders. But now, AI models trained with medical image annotation can help machine learning models to learn from such data and predict the condition of maladies due to cancer.

Dental Segmentation

Teeth or gums-related problems can be better diagnosed with AI-enabled devices. Apart from teeth structure, AI in dentistry can easily detect various types of oral problems. Yes, a high-quality training data set, can help the ML algorithm recognize the patterns and store them in its virtual memory to use the same patterns in the real-life. teeth segmentation

Also Read: How Machine Learning In Dentistry Can Improve The Dental Imaging Analysis

Medical image annotation can provide high-quality medical imaging datasets to make the AI in Dentistry possible. With quantitative and qualitative data used to train the model, the accuracy will improve in machine learning for dental image analysis.

Eye Cells Analysis

Eye-scan through retinal images can be used to detect various problems like ocular diseases, cataracts, and other complications. All such symptoms visible in the eyes can be annotated with the right techniques to diagnose the possible disease.

Microscopic Cell Analysis

It is impossible to see the microscopic cells with normal human eyes, but using a microscope, they can be easily seen. Further, it also makes such extremely small sized cells recognizable to machines. The high-quality image annotation technique is required for the right model development.

The images of these microscopic cells are enlarged on a bigger computer screen and annotated with advanced tools and techniques. While annotating the images, the accuracy is ensured at the highest level to make sure the AI in healthcare can give precise results. Our experts can label microscopic images of cells used in the detection and analysis of diseases.

Diagnostic Imaging Analysis

Diagnostic imaging like X-rays, CTs & MRI scans give better option to visualize the disease and find out the actual condition in order to provide the right treatment. Our experts in the image annotation team can generate imaging and label specific disease symptoms using diverse annotation techniques.

Also Read: What are the Types of Diagnostic Imaging Used for AI in Medical Diagnosis: Use Cases

Medical image annotation is giving AI development a new dimension with a huge amount of labeled data for the right machine learning development. As for supervised machine learning, annotated images are a must to train the ML algorithms for the right diagnostic imaging analysis.

Medical Record Documentation

Medical image annotation also covers various documents including texts and other files to make the data recognizable and comprehensible to the machine. Medical records contain the data of patients and their health conditions that can be used to train the machine learning models.

Annotating the medical records with text classification and precise metadata or additional notes makes such crucial data usable for machine learning development. Highly experienced annotators can label such documents with a high level of accuracy while ensuring the privacy and confidentiality of data.

Types of Documents Annotated through Medical Image Annotation:

  • X-Rays
  • CT Scan
  • MRI
  • Ultrasound
  • Videos
  • Other Images

To annotate such highly sensitive documents with acceptable levels of accuracy, and AI medical diagnostic companies need a huge amount of such data to train the AI model for the right prediction. Cogito offers a world-class medical image annotation service to annotate the medical image dataset for AI in healthcare. It can annotate a huge amount of radiological images with accuracy.

Cogito offers a great platform to generate huge amounts of training data sets for AI in various industries and sectors. AI companies seeking high-quality training data for machine learning development into wide-ranging fields like healthcare, retail , automotive, agriculture , and autonomous drone or robotics can get the best quality training datasets here at the affordable pricing.

If you wish to learn more about Cogito’s data annotation services,
please contact our expert.

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